* We believe these principles to be universal, for they can be found in much the same form in nearly all civilizations. They are far from being exclusively American or even Western. See Martha C. Nussbaum Cultivating Humanity: A Classical Defense of Reform in Liberal Education (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1997). Bullet items 2-7 borrow heavily from Cronon, William J. "HIV, Health, and Liberal Education." In: Wm. David Burns, Ed. Learning for Our Common Health: How an Academic Focus on HIV/AIDS Will Improve Education and Health. (Washington, DC: Association of American Colleges and Universities, 1999). Also published in The American Scholar, Volume 67, Number 4 (Autumn 1998), adapted and reprinted in, Volume 85, Number 1 (winter 1999).
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